A-Z Guide: Best Woodworking Tools
Woodworking is a hobby – which can ultimately turn out to be a fulfilling profession – if you like to work with your hands and don’t mind getting dirty with sawdust and a mill. If you have a passion for building beautiful sculptures or pieces of furniture with wood or can fix any part of your home that requires a little tweak, you should consider taking up woodworking as a profession. It is all about learning the woodworking craft, practice until you become a fine woodworking craftsman and you will be able to build furniture and repair anything in your home.
It takes time to become proficient at woodworking; however, as you make your way towards that expert status, no experience is a waste. You will be able to repair almost anything in your home and will rarely need to call a maintenance specialist to fix anything for you.
If you decide to improve your home, you can do so quickly and without any stress or spending too much money.
To be adept at woodworking, you need tools and equipment. These come in two forms: hand tools and power tools. The tools in each of these categories are crucial to your success as a woodworker, and although you don’t have to purchase every one of the tools at once – or brand new – you need to ensure you have as many of them as you can buy in your arsenal.
In this write-up, you will learn a lot about woodworking, and if you are planning to embark on a home improvement campaign, you will know the tools that you need to get hold of first before any other.
Without wasting too much of your precious time, let’s dive in.
Must-Have Home Improvement Tools
No matter how well-made or sturdy your house is, a time will come when one part of the house or the other will require restoration, maintenance, and repair services. As a great homeowner, you should be adequately prepared for such eventualities.
Having the right equipment and tools on hand is vital to the successful repair or maintenance procedure of any home. Every household should have at least a basic collection of equipment and hand tools for fixing up small home repair problems.
There are essentially two types of home improvement woodworking tools: the hand tools and the power – or electrical – tools. In this section, we will be going over a combination of hand tools and power tools which are essential when it comes to home improvement.
Part of the collection of home improvement hand tools should include:
- Adjustable wrenches
- A claw hammer
- Measuring tape
- A set of pliers
- Fastener tools
- Tools for plumbing and electrical repairs
- Sockets, etc.
Let’s a look at some of the must-have home improvement tools today:
This is the most popular hand tool, and the most favorite is the curved-claw nail hammer version. They come with steel heads along with steel or wood handles and are generally used for driving nails or other fasteners.
The head of the steel hammer has two faces; one edge is a two-pronged steel arch which is usually utilized for pulling nails out of wood while the other end is said to be the face and the eye.
A plane-face or flat-face hammer is an excellent choice for beginners, but driving a nail home is somewhat tricky with this hammer.
If you’d be hammering on surfaces that could be severely damaged, the rubber mallet is the tool to reach for. Other varieties of hammers include:
- The ball-peen hammer that is ideal for working with metal
- The mason’s hammer used during brick and concrete projects
Nearly all home-improvement project requires accurate measurement since you need to be sure that everything will – at the end – come out level, square, and plumb. Let’s get into more details about some of the measuring tools required for marking and measurement:
Tape measure – Flexible tape measures come in different lengths; some are from 12 to 25 feet while others are up to 50 feet. A tape that is not less than 5/8 inches wide is a good one to own as it will remain rigid when you extend it.
Most tape measures are equipped with an automatic power return which is very useful, especially after you are done with measurement.
Chalk line –A chalk line is used for marking a straight line but over long distances. It is ideally used when replacing flooring tiles or wallpaper.
Square – A carpenter’s square dimensions are about 18 to 24 inches (i.e., body) by 12 or 8 inches (i.e., tongue). This standard size is vital for cutting straight edges on hardboard and plywood.
Another much smaller variety is the combination square which is allegedly more straightforward to use than the standard version. There is another version known as the “try square” which closely resembles the carpenter’s square, but comes with a plastic and wooden handle.
After measurements, it’s time to start cutting. There are a wide variety of handsaws that you can utilize, according to your preference and for various jobs. Let’s take a look:
Crosscut saw – As its name implies, this tool is used for cutting across the grain of wood. It has at least five to ten teeth or even more per inch so that a smooth cut is produced. Crosscut saws are used for cutting hardboard panels and plywood as well as for cutting miters.
Backsaw – The back of this tool is reinforced to stiffen the blade and comes with closely-spaced teeth so that the cut remains smooth. The backsaw is generally used for trimming molding and making angle cuts.
Coping saw – This tool has a thin blade which is secured with two pins at either end of the saw. It can be fitted with multiple blades with crosscut or ripsaw tooth spacing.
Hacksaw – Hacksaws are used for cutting plastic, metal, and pipe.
Other types of handsaws include:
- Keyhole saw
At times, handsaws may not be sufficient, and this is when you need to turn to power saws. Power saws are intimidating and must not be used unless you have received adequate training on how to use it. This is because it can cause a lot of damage within a short time.
The universal power saws that you can utilize are:
Saber saw – Also referred to as a jigsaw, it comes with a 4-inch blade which can be driven in an up-and-down motion. It is portable and uses multiple blade designs for a wide variety of materials. Saber saw is the power version of the coping and keyhole saw
Track saw – Track saws are equipped with a track guidance system that keeps the blade straight while cutting a piece of wood.
Track Saws reviews and comparisons here:
Circular saw – Another portable power tool, it is the power version of the ripsaw or crosscut saw, and its guide can be adjusted to cut pockets and miners in nearly all building materials. It uses multiple blades and is usually mounted as a table saw.
Miter saw – A miter saw is one of the most versatile tools in the workshop of a handyman and is designed to cut angled cuts or miters. This handy and indispensable tool can be used to make virtually any kind of cuts. There is no doubt that learning all the magic that this powerful tool can do will transform your life entirely and forever.
Miter Saws reviews and comparisons here:
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Reciprocating saws – Reciprocating saws are a more powerful form of a jigsaw. The term reciprocating refers to the way the blade moves, which is back and forth.
Wet Tile Saw: A wet tile saw is a special power tool equipped with a special blade, normally diamond-shaped, that has been water-cooled, and, as the name implies, is specifically meant to cut into tile.
Other woodworking tools required for home improvement include:
- Screwdriver set
- Utility knife
- Duct tape
- Dovetail Jigs
- Wrench set
- Pliers set
- Adjustable wrench
- Multi-Bit Screwdriver
- 18V DIY Power drill
- Electrical extension cord
- Wire stripper
- Wood Planer
They also include:
- Caulking gun
- Zip ties
- Plunge Routers
- Outlet tester
- Electrical tape
- Wood screws of varying sizes
- Fish tape
- Dado Blades
- Socket set
- Drawer tool chest
- Deck Sanders
- Power Sanders
- Detail Sanders
- Belt Sanders
- Scroll saws
- Trim Routers
How to Buy Used Woodworking Equipment and Tools
If you are just starting as a woodworker or even if you have been doing it for some time, you will discover that acquiring a variety of woodworking tools that you need to make your work easy for you will set you back a pile of cash. Incurring such major expenses may put your bank account in the red and leave you with almost nothing to fall back on, yet you need these woodworking tools to facilitate your work. You may have to consider purchasing used equipment and tools.
Anyone who spends money to purchase any product or service needs to get the best value for his/her money. You can reduce the expenses by purchasing used woodworking tools, but only if you follow some common sense rules.
The first of these common sense rules is knowing which used woodworking tool you should purchase, which ones should be brand-new, and who to buy from. Understand this, and you will be surprised at the considerable sum of money you will end up saving and still have in your budget to focus on the home improvement project.
Where to Find Used Woodworking Equipment and Tools
There are several places where you will be able to find used woodworking equipment and tools to add to your workshop at reasonable prices. A few excellent sources include:
- Flea markets
- Woodworking forums online
- Auctions in your area or locality
Auctions are usually publicized in the local newspapers, and if you love buying and reading papers, you may come across a few happening in your area.
If you also take your time to carry out more research, you may unearth a lot more authentic sources where one can purchase used woodworking tools and equipment cheaply.
You should bear in mind that jumping at the first thing you see as regards woodworking equipment is not a wise move. Once you come across any seemingly authentic source where woodworking tools are sold, you need to, first of all, determine whether or not you are getting good value for your money or merely flushing your hard-earned money down the drain. You will discover that many of the things out there are not worth purchasing in any way.
Another essential factor you should take into consideration even as you shop for used woodworking equipment is the availability of spare or replacement parts of a piece of equipment. You do not want to want to purchase a piece of woodworking equipment only to find it extremely difficult to find spare parts for it whenever you need them.
The third thing you should take into consideration as you shop for your equipment and tools is the purpose that these pieces of equipment are meant to serve. As a hobbyist or a professional woodworker moving towards starting a Home Improvement business, you need to be exceptionally careful.
Investing in a piece of woodworking equipment or tool that is not working in full swing and contributing massively to the bottom line will be a grave mistake. That is an undisputable way of running out of business.
If you are in any of the categories highlighted earlier, one of the best things to do that will be of immense help to your profession and goal of becoming a master at woodworking, is to develop a relationship or make friends with a business that sells used pieces of equipment and tools professionally.
Doing this will ultimately make you happy with your purchases or investment. The reseller will also get to understand your specific needs per time and go extra miles for you.
How Old is The Woodworking Equipment or Tool?
Naturally, you may start wondering how old a piece of woodworking equipment is without being considered useless. Of course, many woodworking equipment and tools can be reconditioned.
However, for motorized equipment, you need to check the age of the motor in addition to the availability of spare parts. If, for instance, you are interested in purchasing a 15-year old piece of woodworking equipment, and the machine in question still has the original motor, then it is highly likely that you will be paying for a lot of future problems. If you have already struck a relationship with the reseller, they will be able to provide highly valuable information about such occurrences.
Lastly, make sure the woodworking tools you want to purchase are constructed with sturdy materials of high quality. This is because high-quality equipment is safe to use and will usually last a lifetime if maintained properly.
Identifying a quality woodworking tool is relatively easy, and that is by taking a look at its machining. The metal sections are shiny – even after a few years of use – and relatively smooth. The tool fits comfortably in your palm and is well-balanced.
But inferior tools are made with rough metal – thereby showcasing crude machining – and are replete with defects which are mostly hidden by paint. Good woodworking tools are also sturdier than cheap ones that are prone to breakage and causing accidents.
So don’t sell yourself short by focusing only on the cost of the woodworking pieces of equipment and tools. The original purpose of purchasing used pieces of equipment and tools is to obtain quality at a reduced and reasonable price.
Woodworking Rules Every Woodworker Must Know and Follow
Woodworking can be an agreeable and safe vocation or hobby as long as you adhere to a set of fundamental safety rules. These rules are easy to follow and must not be taken for granted at any time because failure to comply may result in severe injury when working with your woodworking tools. The woodworking workshop is not a place where you can be careless or be hasty but should be a place to learn and implement good safety habits which will make the vocation more enjoyable.
Most – if not all – the safety rules are common-sense ideas and should be easy to remember and imbibe. However, before delving into woodworking safety rules, it is highly crucial for you to be extremely aware of the potential dangers that are associated with woodworking or woodworking tools.
Wood is one of the most utilized as well as the most versatile mediums in the entire world, thanks to its abundance in nature and inherent flexibility. The woodworking craft has developed several techniques over the years to produce a range of products such as sculptures, furniture, etc. You should also give high priority to the hazards involved in this activity.
Working with hardwoods such as rosewood, for instance, can be a threat to health since excessive exposure to its dust can trigger nasal allergic and skin reactions in woodworkers. The hardwood dust can also make woodworkers highly susceptible to a particular type of cancer.
The exterior of hardwood that has just been cut discharges a sap that if it comes in direct contact with human skin, can trigger allergic reactions. Prolonged exposure to hardwood dust – e.g., redwood, cork, and oak – can also cause several respiratory diseases such as:
- Lung scarring caused by recurrent respiratory attacks
- Hypertensive pneumonia
Continuous exposure to hardwood dust has been linked to a particular type of sinus/nasal cancer known as Aden carcinoma. The latent period of this specific type of disease is between 40 and 45 years. In-depth studies have revealed that at least 7 out of every 10,000 woodworkers are more than likely to develop this ailment.
Some preservatives and pesticides can also pose a risk to overall health in woodworking. It is now practically impossible to ascertain the specific chemical that is reportedly dangerous in processed wood. This is one of the primary reasons why both Canada and the United States have taken combined and active steps to ban the importation of wood that has already been treated with a toxic white chemical compound known as pentachlorophenol which is used as a preservative.
Any wood that has also been treated with chromated copper arsenate and creosote are also unwelcome in these nations.
What many woodworkers are not aware of is that pentachlorophenol can infiltrate the human skin and can bring about a severe case of acne, known as chloracne. The toxic chemical compound has also been fingered as a probable human carcinogen and can even cause acute liver damage.
Chromated copper arsenate can also be extremely toxic primarily via ingestion, physical contact, and through inhalation. It can trigger different skin diseases as well such as skin ulcers, skin cancer, and allergies. It can also severely compromise internal organ functions such as kidney damage, peripheral nervous system damage as well as blood damage.
Creosote is the culprit responsible for causing respiratory system and skin irritations. The thick yellowish-to-brown oily substance has also been categorized as a feasible teratogen – i.e., an agent that affects fetus or embryo by altering or interrupting healthy development – and human carcinogen.
Now that you know the potential dangers that lurk in woodworking, let’s get into details about the safety rules that every woodworker must know and follow for a happy woodworking life:
Utilize Proper Safety Gear
One of the first rules in woodworking is wearing appropriate safety gear. You should never enter your workshop or workplace without wearing all the necessary equipment that enhance your safety.
Hearing equipment is highly required because of some woodworking tools that are extremely noisy – like routers, surface planers, etc. – which transmit high-pitched sounds that can cause permanent loss of hearing in no time at all. Sawing lumber to different pieces is also a deafening procedure; therefore, make sure you wear ear plugs or ear muffs at all times, especially within the period when you will be working in the woodworking workshop.
Don’t expose your eyesight to unnecessary risks. Always make sure that you wear goggles or protective eye gear to shield your eyes from flying debris when making use of hand tools. You should also wear protective eye gears when applying wood finish since the chemicals may exert a drying effect on human eyes.
You should always make use of a face shield whenever you want to use a chainsaw or work with a lathe. But do not rely on a face shield alone; wear a pair of safety goggles underneath the shield.
You should take note at this juncture that prescription – and non-prescription – lenses like readers and eyeglasses do not count as safety glasses unless they are explicitly designed to meet particular criteria.
You should also not enter your woodworking workshop without donning a pair of thick gloves to protect your hands from accidentally touching saps of lumber or preservatives. Latex gloves are ideal for applying wood finishes, so make sure they are within reach at all times.
Protect your airways by installing chip collectors, air filters, and dust collectors in your woodworking workshop. Of course, the indispensable dust mask must also be part of your safety inventory. Keep the woodworking area orderly and well-ventilated since you never know when particles of dust may enter the respiratory tract and cause untold harm.
You should wear appropriate footwear with customized arch support so that your feet will be protected from the strain of standing for hours. Moreover, leather boots can protect your feet from cuts which may occur when you accidentally drop sharp chisels. Steel-toe shoes will protect your shoes from being crushed if you inadvertently drop a hammer or a sheet of plywood slips without warning from your hands.
Your protective or safety gear should be the first thing you reach for as soon as you step into the woodworking workshop.
Always Wear the Right Attire
It is also crucial for you to wear the proper attire that will go with other safety gears for adequate protection in the woodworking workshop. As a rule, you should avoid wearing clothes that are loose fitting or baggy clothing as they tend to get entangled or snagged in a saw blade or cutting head.
You should instead wear clothes that are not too tight-fitting but comfortable for you and the type of work you will be doing for the day in the woodworking workshop. Short sleeves are ideal for working in woodworking workshops as long sleeves can easily get entangled on a workpiece that is spinning relentlessly on a lathe. If you wear long sleeves, endeavor to roll them up before commencing in the workshop.
Your clothes should also be thick enough to protect your body from wayward wood chips as a result of cutting lumber. Divest yourself of all bracelets, necklaces, wristwatches, and any other pieces of jewelry any of these items can get caught quickly and may pull your hand into bits, blades or pulleys.
Wear Your Respiratory Gear
Respiratory protection range from washable cloth masks, half facepiece respirators disposable masks, to air respirators powered by electricity.
Let’s examine these respiratory gadgets:
Washable face masks – Washable face masks can be used repeatedly and hand-washed as well. They can be exceptionally comfortable to use and perfect for handling moderate or small amounts of dust.
Disposable masks – Disposable masks are cheap, which may be why they do not provide adequate protection as much as the other types of respiratory protection apparatus.
They do not fit as tightly as required. Therefore, fine dust particles can easily bypass the filter and into the lungs.
Half facepiece respirators – Half facepiece respirators provide high levels of respiratory protection. Most of them come with replaceable filters and cartridges that readily absorbs vapors. They are also perfect for capturing particulates like dust particles.
Half facepiece respirators are comfortable and adjustable devices that can fit your head comfortably. Most of these devices – along with their cartridges – are approved by NIOSH, the federal government regulatory agency that is responsible for protection against a wide variety of contaminants.
Power Air respirators – These have battery-powered fans that provide an uninterrupted stream of filtered air to a full facepiece mask. They are relatively more expensive than any of the other respiratory devices mentioned earlier, but are also more comfortable, thanks to the continuous inflow of air.
However, the masks that come with these units are also loose-fitting as they are not as tight around the face compared to the half facepiece respirators. This is because this respirator relies on the positive air pressure inside the masks rather than a tight seal to keep the dust and other harmful substances out.
Be Careful When Dealing with Power
It is imperative to deal with power the right way whenever you are working on your home improvement project or any other project for that matter. If you need to switch bits or blades on your power tools, make sure you disconnect the power cord from the mains before you do so.
The same rule applies if you need to make a few adjustments to any electrical woodworking tool. Don’t stop at checking whether or not the switch is off because there have been several cases of switches malfunctioning at the wrong time, thereby causing a lot of mishaps to woodworkers such as the loss of their fingers.
Therefore, make it a habit to always disengage the power first before carrying out any adjustments required.
You should also make sure that all electrical woodworking tools are doubly insulated and well-grounded to prevent fire accidents or electrical injuries.
Avoid Using Drugs or Medication and Alcohol While Working
Sounds absurd, right? But you will be surprised by the number of cases which involved seasoned or pro woodworkers who entered their workspaces drunk like skunks to work on a woodworking project. Those who suffered the mishaps thought that they are not vulnerable to making mistakes even though they were under the influence of drugs or alcohol. They lived to tell tales, but were never able to go back to work again.
Whatever reason you may have, you should never venture near your workshop if you are drunk or pumped full of drugs. Some medication may also cause drowsiness, and if this is the case, you should also stay away from operation any equipment or tool in your workshop.
This is because drugs and alcohol are powerful enough to influence your decision-making process and can even slow down your reaction. So, whether you are a pro or a beginner, you are still vulnerable to accidents and can always make woodworking mistakes, especially if you are under the influence.
Keep Tools and Equipment Properly Adjusted and Maintained
Equipment and tools that are not correctly aligned and maintained present safety hazards such as the ejection of loose cutter heads, kickback, etc. You need to make sure that table saw fences are properly aligned parallel to the blade so that workpieces will not be trapped between the blade and fence.
Check some of the Best Table Saws reviews here:
Common Mistakes When Using Woodworking Tools
Everyone was a beginner at doing something at one time or the other and during such periods, making mistakes is a relatively regular occurrence. Even pros who know how to use woodworking tools with their eyes closed still make mistakes from time to time. It’s all part of the learning process and should be considered as experience. Of course, you are not expected to repeat the same mistakes over and over again but to learn from it and move on or improve on it. Woodworking is a rewarding and enjoyable activity, especially when you make use of the proper equipment and do everything the right way.
Here are some of the common mistakes woodworkers make when it comes to using woodworking tools:
Using the Wrong Tools
The first thing you should always do is to ensure that you make use of the right set of woodworking tools for the job. Let’s say you are working on a piece of furniture and have decided to remove a few scratches here and there so that the furniture turns out looking good. You will need to use an electric sander so that you can get the job done within a few minutes. Sanding it by hand is going to take several days which you may not have the luxury of sacrificing. You will need to make use of 100 grit sandpaper on the majority of woods to start with or 80 for dull sander parts.
Then you work your way slowly but surely through fine grades of sandpaper. Remember that you will be blowing off particles each time you change the sandpaper. You will need a vacuum cleaner for blowing particles off the piece of
Working Manually Instead of a Tool
If you need to sand a shape or a curve, using sandpaper will be a waste of precious time. It is better, therefore, to use a tool to help you achieve results fast. For an edge, use a block plane or a file and for curves, a pattern makers rasp will do the job. Never rely entirely on sandpaper; you should only use sandpaper to smooth the surface of the furniture.
Not Using Safety Goggles and Dust Masks
The tagline, “Safety first!” holds here. Whenever you are sanding, do not forget to make use of your dust mask and safety goggles. This is because some of these exotic woods can be allergenic or even poisonous, so a dust mask will help in preventing unwanted health issues.
Safety goggles are designed to protect the eyes; therefore since you will be working with wood, it makes a lot of sense to put on a pair of goggles so that splinters don’t fly off and make their way into your eyes.
Sanding may not require woodworking power tools, but it still calls for care and overall safety.
Wearing Dangly or Loose Jewelry When Wood Working
You should never wear loose jewelry to the workshop, and even if you do, make sure you divest yourself of them before you start working on wood. This is because it can be hazardous for you to wear ornaments on your body when working in your workshop.
Applying Undue Pressure on the Drill
This is another fairly common mistake that most people make when using woodworking tools. Whenever you are making use of a power drill on wood, do not mount pressure on the drill because the wood may splinter and this could destroy all the work you have been doing.
Ideally, the weight of the drill will do the work of driving itself into the wood that you are working on. If you are making use of wooden screws, then employ the countersink bit on your drill, and then mark the depth of the hole you want to drill on your bit. This will help you to gauge the depth of the hole accurately.
Seal the hole with a wooden plug or filler that matches the wood you are using correctly. Drilling requires a lot of patience, and if you find yourself somewhat restless, put it off until another time.
Before you start the drilling process, mark the exact spot you want the nail or screw to be with a good pencil and make the initial hole with an awl. Secure the wood with wood clamps so that it does not fly off the workbench or workable and hit you or other people around you. You should also drill slowly to avoid breaking and overheating the woodworking tools.
To wrap up this section, you need to realize that most of the mistakes that occur when using woodworking tools can be avoided if you take your time to plan what you are going to do carefully while you make sure to follow all safety precautions. Woodworking is a great thing to know whether you are making a few home renovations or want to become a master woodworker. This skill is also a trade that can earn you a satisfying career. Happy woodworking!
Woodworking Tool Recommendations
The most commonly purchased claw hammer is the 20 oz. size. It’s heavy enough to easily drive nails but easily manipulated when pulling nails. While wooden handles are picturesque, they may not stand up to the strain if you have to pull a lot of nails. Hammers with a steel handle, or even fiberglass, will be stronger. However, these won’t absorb the vibrations from driving nails the way a hickory handle will. You’ll also need to make sure the fiberglass and metal handles have a rubberized grip for control and comfort. If you’re going to be driving a lot of nails, the wooden handled hammer will be better for reducing stress on your hand, and wrist, too.
A good utility knife is another asset for the woodworker. There are many different kinds, but the kind that uses disposable blades is the most common. The blade retracts into the grip for safety. The woodworker will use the utility knife when cleaning out mortise joints or scribe wood, as well as many other uses.